The vocabulary of diamond dealers when they speak in their diamond terminology can be very confusing and daunting, especially if you have little knowledge about diamonds!
Here are a few basic explanations of the diamond terminology jewelers may use. Being familiar with the diamond terminology will definitely help when you are looking for that perfect diamond.
Jewelers Diamond Terminology List
Brilliance: Brilliance is the light reflection aspects of the diamond. This is caused by refractions of light bouncing from one facet of the diamond to another or the appearance of light bouncing around inside the diamond.
Jewelers often refer to the 4 “C’s”, which are the characteristics of the diamond; cut, clarity, color, and carat.
Diamond Cut: This is usually considered the most important aspect of buying a diamond. The brilliance of a jewel in contingent on the right cut. If it’s not done correctly, the jewel will not reflect light well or have optimum brilliance.
Clarity: This refers to the flaws or imperfections within the diamond. Clarity is also known as the purity of the diamond. The more pure the jewel, the more brilliance it will produce. However, be aware that increased purity also means increased price.
Color: If you are after a diamond that reflects a lot of light and brilliance, then you want to get a colorless one. You may also want to consider a colored jewel for special occasions. These are very rare and cost a lot of money – even more than a colorless diamond.
Carat: A diamond is measured by units of weight called carats. If you want a big diamond it will have a lot of carats but will increase in cost proportionately.
Certificates: This is sometimes referred to as the fifth C. A certificate is a grading report that gives you all the details about the diamond’s cut, clarity, color, and carats, as well as a variety of other information. The certificate can help you make that right decision between one diamond and another.
Depth Percentage: This is the percentage measurement of how deep the diamond is in comparison to its width. This affects the brilliance and the value of the diamond.
Dispersion: Dispersion is the effect that appears when the diamond is tilted and you see small flashes of color appear across the surface. This is also called the fire of the diamond. This is not to be confused with a diamond’s natural color.
Finish: The finish is the result of the cutter’s skill when altering the diamonds natural appearance. This is graded with its symmetry and polish.
Pave: This defines several small diamonds placed closely together to create a glistening diamond crust that covers an entire piece of jewelry and the metal under it.
Point: A point is the unit measurement of the weight of a diamond. One point is one hundredth of a carat.
Semi-Mount: A semi-mount occurs when two side stones have been mounted and are awaiting the decision of the customer on the center diamond piece.
Diamond Terminology Is Not Hard To Understand
By understanding the diamond terminology that jewelers speak and by asking the right questions, you will have a better chance of obtaining a good quality diamond for a reasonable price.
Now that you have the list you should feel very comfortable when speaking with any jeweler about buying diamonds, you might even impress the jeweler when you start using diamond terminology in your replies.